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Japanese N4 Grammar Summary 1

Thảo luận trong 'Học Hành' bắt đầu bởi phannhung, 7 Tháng tám 2016.

  1. phannhung Member

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    how to say good night in japanese in true way



    Sometimes it can be troublesome when you try to revise the Japanese N4 grammar but you lost your note, or you may don't want to look again in your textbook for grammar summary, so here is the summary of Japanese N4 grammar. To download it you can checkout the download link down below.

    1. ~(も)~し、~し: Not only... but also.../and...and
    Explaination: Used to represent a reason for an action.

    Eg: Being thirsty and hungry so I want to eat something.
    お腹がすいたし、のどがいたし、すこし食べてみたいです。

    This shirt is good colored and good designed, so I want to have it.
    このシャツは色もきれいだし、デザインもいいですね。買いたいですと。

    2. ~によると~そうです。: According to... then...
    Explaination: Used to represent the information which is received.

    Eg: According to weather forecast then tomorrow's weather is good.
    予報によると、明日は晴れるそうです。
    It is heard that there is nothing to be worried about the tsunami caused by the earthquake.
    地震によると津波の心配はないであるそうです。

    3. ~そうに/そうな/そうです。: It seems like/it is heard that...
    Explaination: Used to represent the thought of the speakers base on the given information, or represent the information which is heard from other sources.

    Eg: It seems that the winter this year will be warm.
    今年の冬は暖かいそうです。
    It seems that rice's price is increasing.
    米が値上がりしているそうです。

    4. ~てみる: Try to do something
    Explaination: Used to represent the willing to try something.

    Eg: I want to try that dish.
    一度その珍しい料理が食べてみたい。
    I have never seen panda before, so I want to try to see it.
    パンダ はまだ見たことがない。一度見てみたいと思っている。

    5. ~と:
    Explaination: Used to represent something that is obvious, to explain the way to use machines or mechanisms, and to navigate.

    Eg: Each time drinking wine then the face will turn red.
    酒をむと顔が赤くなる。
    Each time the temperature goes up to 100 degree then the water will be boiled.
    水は100度 になると沸騰する。

    6. ~たら: If/After
    Explaination: Used to represent an condition sentence - when something happens then other thing happens.

    Eg: If it is rain, the road will probably be crowded.
    雨だったら道が混するだろう。
    If it is too expensive, nobody will buy.
    もしも、あまり高かったら誰も買わないでしょう。

    7. ~なら:
    Explaination: Used to refer the what listeners said before.

    Eg: If it is about money then you don't need to worry, I can manage that.
    お金のことなら心配しなくていいですよ。何とかなりますから。
    Have you seen Sato-san?
    佐藤さん見ませんでしたか?

    8. ~ば
    Explaination: Used to represent condition to make something happens

    Eg: If the spring comes, flowers will bloom.
    春がれば花がく。
    If dividing 10 by 2, it will be 5.
    10を2で割れば5になる。

    9. ~ば~ほど:
    Explaination: Used to represent the continuously changes of something

    Eg: The more eating, the fatter will be.
    食べれば食べるほど太る。
    The more expensive, the harder to use.
    製品というのは、高くなればなるほど、使いにくくなる。

    10. ~たがる:
    Explaination: Used to represent the interest of a third party

    Eg: Children want to know everything.
    子供というものはなんでも知りたがる。
    My parents want to travel to foreign countries.

    親は海外旅行に行きたがっている。

    11. ~かもしれない: Might be/May something happen
    Explaination: Used to represent the prediction that something may happen

    Eg: Maybe he already slept.
    彼はもうてしまったのかもしれない。
    Yamada-san's idea might be good.
    山田君が言ったそのアイデア、ちょっとおもしろいかもしれないよ。

    12. ~でしょう: Maybe
    Explaination: Used to represent the prediction of the speakers based on the given information

    Eg: Maybe the weather is good tomorrow.
    明日天がいいでしょう。
    Maybe he will come at six.
    6時までには彼はってくるでしょう。

    13. ~しか~ない: Only
    Explaination: Used after Nouns, counter words, etc and the Complement after it always in negative form.

    Eg: I only drink coffee in the morning.
    朝はコしかまない。
    I can only wait 10 minutes.
    10分しか待てません。

    14. ~ておく(ておきます): Do something before something else happens
    Explaination: Used to describe something has to be done before the other thing happens.

    Eg: I plan to study Japanese before going to Japan.
    日本へ行く前に日本語を習っておくつもりです
    I will see the document later so put it there beforehand.
    その書類はあとで見ますから、そこに置いておいて下さい。

    15. ~よう: Seems/Maybe
    Explaination: Used to describe subjective idea based on what speakers got from their senses.

    Eg: About this point we can say like this.
    この点については次のようなことが言えよう。
    In the areas around the mountain, they may have snow.
    山沿いでは雪になるよう。

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