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Japanese N4 Grammar Summary 1

Thảo luận trong 'Học Hành' bắt đầu bởi phannhung, 7 Tháng tám 2016.

  1. phannhung Member

    Read more:
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    Sometimes it can be troublesome when you try to revise the Japanese N4 grammar but you lost your note, or you may don't want to look again in your textbook for grammar summary, so here is the summary of Japanese N4 grammar. To download it you can checkout the download link down below.

    1. ~(も)~し、~し: Not only... but also.../and...and
    Explaination: Used to represent a reason for an action.

    Eg: Being thirsty and hungry so I want to eat something.

    This shirt is good colored and good designed, so I want to have it.

    2. ~によると~そうです。: According to... then...
    Explaination: Used to represent the information which is received.

    Eg: According to weather forecast then tomorrow's weather is good.
    It is heard that there is nothing to be worried about the tsunami caused by the earthquake.

    3. ~そうに/そうな/そうです。: It seems like/it is heard that...
    Explaination: Used to represent the thought of the speakers base on the given information, or represent the information which is heard from other sources.

    Eg: It seems that the winter this year will be warm.
    It seems that rice's price is increasing.

    4. ~てみる: Try to do something
    Explaination: Used to represent the willing to try something.

    Eg: I want to try that dish.
    I have never seen panda before, so I want to try to see it.
    パンダ はまだ見たことがない。一度見てみたいと思っている。

    5. ~と:
    Explaination: Used to represent something that is obvious, to explain the way to use machines or mechanisms, and to navigate.

    Eg: Each time drinking wine then the face will turn red.
    Each time the temperature goes up to 100 degree then the water will be boiled.
    水は100度 になると沸騰する。

    6. ~たら: If/After
    Explaination: Used to represent an condition sentence - when something happens then other thing happens.

    Eg: If it is rain, the road will probably be crowded.
    If it is too expensive, nobody will buy.

    7. ~なら:
    Explaination: Used to refer the what listeners said before.

    Eg: If it is about money then you don't need to worry, I can manage that.
    Have you seen Sato-san?

    8. ~ば
    Explaination: Used to represent condition to make something happens

    Eg: If the spring comes, flowers will bloom.
    If dividing 10 by 2, it will be 5.

    9. ~ば~ほど:
    Explaination: Used to represent the continuously changes of something

    Eg: The more eating, the fatter will be.
    The more expensive, the harder to use.

    10. ~たがる:
    Explaination: Used to represent the interest of a third party

    Eg: Children want to know everything.
    My parents want to travel to foreign countries.


    11. ~かもしれない: Might be/May something happen
    Explaination: Used to represent the prediction that something may happen

    Eg: Maybe he already slept.
    Yamada-san's idea might be good.

    12. ~でしょう: Maybe
    Explaination: Used to represent the prediction of the speakers based on the given information

    Eg: Maybe the weather is good tomorrow.
    Maybe he will come at six.

    13. ~しか~ない: Only
    Explaination: Used after Nouns, counter words, etc and the Complement after it always in negative form.

    Eg: I only drink coffee in the morning.
    I can only wait 10 minutes.

    14. ~ておく(ておきます): Do something before something else happens
    Explaination: Used to describe something has to be done before the other thing happens.

    Eg: I plan to study Japanese before going to Japan.
    I will see the document later so put it there beforehand.

    15. ~よう: Seems/Maybe
    Explaination: Used to describe subjective idea based on what speakers got from their senses.

    Eg: About this point we can say like this.
    In the areas around the mountain, they may have snow.

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